Accepted for publication and in press
1. Psonis, N., Antoniou, A., Kukushkin, O., Jablonski, D., Petrov, B., Crnobrnja-Isailović, J., Sotiropoulos, K., Gherghel, I., Lymberakis, P. & Poulakakis, N. 2017. Hidden diversity in the Podarcis tauricus (Sauria, Lacertidae) species subgroup in the light of multilocus phylogeny and species delimitation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 106, 6-17.


1. Skourtanioti, Ε.Kapli, P., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutaş, Y., Avcı, A., Ahmadzadeh, F., Crnobrnja – Isailović, J., Gherghel, I., Lymberakis, P. Poulakakis,N. 2016 A reinvestigation of phylogeny and divergence times of the Ablepharus kitaibelii species complex (Sauria, Scincidae) based on mtDNA and nuDNA genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 103, 199-214.

2. Gkontas, I.Papadaki, S., Trichas, A., Poulakakis, N. 2016 First assessment on the molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of the Gnaptortaxa distributed in Greece (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A (accepted).

3. Psonis, N., Lymberakis, P., Poursanidis D., Poulakakis, N. 2016 Contribution to the study of Acanthodactylus (Sauria: Lacertidae) mtDNA diversity focusing on the A. boskianus species group. Mitochondrion, 30, 79-84.

Hedman, H., Kapsalas, G., Karameta, E., Psonis, N.Poulakakis, N., Foufopouos, J., P. Pafilis. 2016. First record of Podarcis peloponnesiacus (Bibron & Bory, 1833) from outside the Peloponnese. Herpetozoa, 30, 1-3.

5.  Dokianakis, E., Tsirigotakis, N., Christodoulou, V., Poulakakis, N., Antoniou, M. 2016. DNA sequencing confirms PCR-RFLP identification of wild caught Larroussius sand-flies from Crete and Cyprus. Acta Tropica (accepted).

1. Kapli, P., Lymberakis, P., Crochet, P.-A., Geniez, P., Brito, J.C., Almutairi, M., Ahmadzadeh, F., Schmitz, A., Wilms, T., Pouyani, N.R.,Poulakakis, N. 2015. Historical Biogeography of the lacertid lizard Mesalina in North Africa and the Middle East. Journal of Biogeography, 42(2), 267-279.

2. Poulakakis, Ν.Kapli, P. Lymberakis, P., Trichas, A., Vardinoyiannis, K., Sfenthourakis, S., Mylonas, M. 2015. A review of phylogeographic analyses of animal taxa from the Aegean and surrounding regions. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 53(1), 18-32.

3. Psonis, N., Vardinoyannis, K., Mylonas, M. & Poulakakis, N. 2015. Evaluation of the taxonomy of Helix cincta (Muller, 1774) and Helix nucula (Mousson, 1854); insights using mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Journal of Natural History, 49 (5–8), 383–392.

4. Psonis, N., Vardinoyannis, K., Mylonas, M., Poulakakis, N. 2015. Unraveling the evolutionary history of the Chilostoma Fitzinger, 1833 (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) lineages in Greece. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 91, 210-225.

PoulakakisΝ., Edwards, L.D., Chiari, Y., Garrick, R.C., Russello, M.A., Benavides, E., Watkins-Colwell, G.J., Glaberman, S., Tapia, W., Gibbs, J.P., Cayot, L.J., Caccone, A. Description of a new Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (Chelonoidis; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island. PLOS One, 10(10), e0138779.

1. Sagonas, Κ.Poulakakis, Ν., Lymberakis, P., Parmakelis, A., Pafilis, P., Valakos, E.D. 2014. Molecular systematics and historical biogeography of the green lizards (Lacerta) in Greece: insights from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 76, 144-154.

Vogiatzi. E., Kalogianni, E., Zimmerman, B., Giakoumi, S., Barbieri, R., Paschou, P., Magoulas, A., Tsaparis, D., Poulakakis, N., Tsigenopoulos, C.S. 2014 Reduced genetic variation and strong genetic population structure in the freshwater killifish Valencia letourneuxi(Valenciidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial markers. Biological Journal of Linnean Society 111, 334–349.

3. Dritsou, V., Deligianni, E., Dialynas, E., Allen, J., Poulakakis, N., Louis, C., Lawson, D., Topalis, P. 2014. Non-coding RNA gene families in the genomes of anopheline mosquitoes. BMC Genomics, 15, 1038.

4. Guclu, O., Candan, K., Kankilic, T., Kumlutas, Y., Durmus, S.H., Poulakakis, N., Ilgaz, C. 2014. Phylogeny of Trachylepis sp. (Reptilia) from Turkey inferred from mtDNA sequences. Mitochondrial DNA 25(6), 456-63.

Candan, K., Kankılıç, T., Güçlü, O., Kumlutaş, Y., Durmuş, S.H., Lymberakis, P., Poulakakis, N., Çetin I. 2014. First Assessment on the Molecular Phylogeny of Anatololacerta (Squamata, Lacertidae) Distributed in Southern Anatolia; Insights From mtDNA and nDNA Markers. Mitochondrial DNA 9, 1-8

Kapli, P.Botoni, D., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutas, Y., Avci, A., Rastegar-Pouyani, N., Fathinia, B., Lymberakis, P., Ahmadzadeh, F., Poulakakis, N.,2013. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of the Anatolian lizard Apathya (Squamata, Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 66, 992-1001.

2. Poulakakis, N.
Kapli, P.Kardamaki, A.Skourtanioti, E., Gocmen, B., Ilgaz, C., Kumlutas, Y., Avci, A., Lymberakis, P. 2013. Comparative phylogeography of six herpetofauna species in Cyprus: late Miocene to Pleistocene colonization routes. Biological Journal of Linnean Society, 108, 619-635.

Kyriazi, P.Kornilios, P., Nagy, T.N., Poulakakis, N., Kumlutas, Y., Ilgaz, C., Avci, A., Gocmen, B., Lymberakis, P. 2013. Comparative phylogeography reveals distinct colonization patterns of Cretan snakes. Journal of Biogeography, 40, 1143-115.

1. Poulakakis, N.
, Russello, M., Geist, D., Caccone, A. 2012. Unraveling the Peculiarities of Island Life: Vicariance, Dispersal and the Diversification of the Extinct and Extant Giant Galápagos Tortoises. Molecular Ecology, 21, 160-173.

Garrick, R.C., Benavides, E., Russello, M.A., Gibbs, J.P., Poulakakis, N., Dion, K.B., Hyseni, C., Kajdacsi, B., Márquez, L., Bahan, S., Ciofi, C., Tapia, W., Caccone, A. 2012. Genetic rediscovery of an ‘extinct’ Galápagos giant tortoise species. Current Biology, 22(1), R10-R11.

Deligianni, E., Morgan, R.N., Bertuccini, L., Kooij, T.W.A., Laforge, A., Poulakakis, N., Schüler, H., Louis, C., Matuschewski, K. & Siden-Kiamos, I. 2011 Critical role for a stage-specific actin in male exflagellation of the malaria parasite. Cellular Microbiology. 13(11), 1714–1730.

Kapli, P.Poulakakis, N., Lymberakis, P. & Mylonas, M. 2011. A re-analysis of the molecular phylogeny of Lacertidae with currently available data. Basic and Applied Herpetology 25, 97-104.

Kornilios, P.Kyriazi, P.Poulakakis, N., Kumlutaş, Y., Ilgaz, C., Mylonas, M., Lymberakis, P. 2010. Phylogeography of the ocellated skinkChalcides ocellatus (Squamata, Scincidae), with the use of mtDNA sequences: a hitchhiker's guide to the Mediterranean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 54, 445-456.

Russello, M.R., Poulakakis, N., Gibbs, J.P., Tapia, W., Powell, J.R., Caccone, A. 2010. DNA from the Past Informs Ex situ Conservation for the Future: An “Extinct” Species of Galápagos Tortoise Identified in Captivity. PLOS One 5(1), e8683. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008683

Lymberakis, P., Poulakakis, N. 2010. Three continents claiming an archipelago: The evolution of Aegean’s herpetofaunal diversity. Diversity2, 233-255.

Parmakelis, A, Moustaka, M., Poulakakis, N., Louis, C., Slotman, M.A., Marshall, J.C., Awono-Ambene, P.H., Antonio-Nkondjio, C., Simard, F., Caccone, A., Powell, J.R. 2010Anopheles immune genes and amino acid sites evolving under the effect of positive selection. PLOS One 5(1), e8885. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008885).

5. Poulakakis, N. 
& Stamatakis, A. 2010. Recapitulating the evolution of Afrotheria: 57 genes and rare genomic changes (RGCs) consolidate their history. Systematics & Biodiversity 8(3), 395–408.

Kornilios, P., Poulakakis, N., Mylonas, M., Vardinoyannis, K. 2009. Insights on the phylogeny and biogeography of the genus Zonites(Montfort, 1810) (Gastropoda: Pulmonata): Preliminary evidence from mitochondrial data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 75(2), 109 - 117.

Pafilis, P., J. Foufopoulos, N. Poulakakis, P. Lymberakis, E. D. Valakos. 2009. Tail shedding in island lizards (Lecartidae, Reptilia): Decline of antipredator defences in relaxed predation environments. Evolution 63(5), 1262–1278.

1. Poulakakis, N.
Pakaki, V., Lymberakis, P., Mylonas M. 2008. Molecular Phylogeny of the Greek legless skink Ophiomorus punctatissimus(Squamata: Scincidae): The impact of Mid-Aegean trench in its phylogeography. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47(1), 396-402.

2. Poulakakis, N., 
 Sfenthourakis S. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and phylogeography of the Greek populations of the genus Orthometopon(Isopoda, Oniscidea) based on mtDNA sequences. Zoological Journal of Linnean Society 152, 707-715.

3. Lymberakis, P., Poulakakis, N., Kaliontzopoulou, A., Valakos, E.,  Mylonas, M. 2008. Two new species of Podarcis (Squamata: Lacertidae) from Greece. Systematics & Biodiversity 6(3), 307–318.

Trichas, A., Lagkis, A., Triantis, K., Poulakakis, N., Chatzaki M. 2008. Biogeographic patterns of tenebrionid beetles (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae) on four island groups in the south Aegean Sea. Journal of Natural History, 42, 491-511.

5. Xirouchakis, S.M., Poulakakis, N. 2008 Biometrics, sexual dimorphism and gender determination in an insular population of griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus)ARDEA 96, 1-10.

6. Poulakakis, N.
, Antoniou, A., Mantziou, G., Parmakelis, A., Skartsi, Th., Vasilakis D., Elorriaga J., de la Puente J., Gavashelishvili A., Ghasabyan M., Katzner T., McGrady M., Batbayar N., Fuller M., Natsagdorj, T. 2008. Population structure, diversity and phylogeography in the near threatened Eurasian Black Vulture Aegypius monachus (Falconiformes; Accipitridae) in Europe: insights from microsatellite and mtDNA variation. Biological Journal of Linnean Society 95, 859-872.

Kapli P.*, Lymberakis P.*, Poulakakis N.*Mantziou G., Parmakelis A., Mylonas M. 2008. Molecular Phylogeny of three Mesalina species (M. guttulata, M. brevirostris and M. bahaeldini) from North Africa and the Middle East: another case of paraphyly? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49, 102-110.

Kyriazi P.Poulakakis N., Parmakelis A., Crochet P.A., Moravec J., Rastegar-Pouyani N.,  Tsigenopoulos C.S., Magoulas, A., Mylonas M., Lymberakis P. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA reveals the genealogical history of the Snake-eyed lizards (Ophisops elegans and O. occidentalis) (Sauria: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49, 795-805.

9. Poulakakis, N.,
 Glaberman, S., Russello, M., Beheregaray, L.B., Ciofi, C., Powell, J.R., Caccone, A. 2008. Rediscovery of an extinct species of giant Galápagos tortoise. PNAS, 105(40), 15464–15469.

1. Poulakakis, N.
, Tselikas, A., Bitsakis, I., Mylonas, M.,  Lymberakis, P. 2007 Does the molecular analysis shed light on the origin of the ancient Greek manuscripts? Journal of Archaeological Science 34675-680.

2. Pafilis, P.
, Foufopoulos, J., Poulakakis, N. Lymberakis, P., Valakos, E.D. 2007 Digestive performance in five Mediterranean lizard species: effects of temperature and insularity. Journal of Comparative Physiology 177(1), 49-60.

3. Poulakakis, N.
, Parmakelis, A., Lymberakis, P., Mylonas, M., Zouros, E., Reese, D.S., Glaberman, S.,  Caccone, A. 2007 It remains a mammoth DNA fragment. Biology Letters 3, 60-63.

Valakos, E.D., Kourkouli, A., Skopeliti, M., Pafilis, P., PoulakakisN., Voutsas, I., Lymberakis, P., Simou, C., Voelter, W.,  Tsitsilonis, O.E.2007. Combining immunological and molecular data to assess phylogenetic relations of some Hellenic Podarcis species. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 147(1), 1-10.

Lymberakis, P.*, Poulakakis, N.*Manthalou, G., Tsigenopoulos, C.S., Magoulas, A., Mylonas, M. 2007. Mitochondrial Phylogeography of Western Palaearctic Rana (Pelophylax) spp. with emphasis in the Eastern Mediterranean populations. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44, 115-125.

1. PoulakakisN.
Parmakelis, A., Lymberakis, P., Mylonas, M., Zouros, E., Reese, D.S., Glaberman, S., Caccone, A. 2006. Ancient DNA forces reconsideration of Mediterranean pygmy elephantids. Biology Letters 2, 451-454.

2. Poulakakis, N., Lymberakis, P., Pafilis, P., Valakos, E., Mylonas, M. 2006. Aspects of the evolutionary history of Podarcis taurica (Pallas 1814), P. gaigeae (Werner 1930) and P. milensis (Bedriaga 1882) in Greece. In: Mainland and insular lizards: a Mediterranean perspective. (Claudia Corti, Pietro Lo Cascio, Marta Biaggini, eds), pp. 161-174. Firenze: Firenze University Press (Monografie. Scienze; 8).

1. Poulakakis, N.
, Lymberakis, P. Tsigenopoulos, C, Magoulas, A., Mylonas, M. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships ad evolutionary history of snake-eyed skink Ablepharus kitaibelii (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(2), 245-256.

2. Poulakakis, N.
, Lymberakis, P., Pafilis, P., Valakos, E., Mylonas, M. 2005. Phylogeography of Balkan wall lizard (Podarcis taurica) and its relatives inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Ecology 14, 2433-2443.

3. Poulakakis, N.
, Lymberakis, P., Paragamian, K., Mylonas, M. 2005. Isolation and amplification of shrew DNA from Barn Owl pellets.Biological Journal of Linnean Society 85, 331-340

4. Poulakakis, N.
, Lymberakis, P., Valakos, E., Zouros, E., Mylonas, M. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of Balkan Podarcisspecies by Bayesian and Maximum Likelihood Analyses of Mitochondrial DNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37, 845-857

5. Poulakakis, N.
, Lymberakis, P.,  Fassoulas C. A. 2005Deinotherium giganteum KAUP 1829 (Proboscidae, Deinotheriidae) from the Middle Miocene of Siteia (East Crete, Greece). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25(3), 732-736

6. Poulakakis, N.
, Goulielmos, G., Antoniou, A., Zouros, E., Mylonas, M. 2005. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in the wall lizard Podarcis erhardii (Squamata: Lacertidae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5, 549-551.

Mantziou, G., Antoniou, A., Poulakakis, N., Goulielmos, G., Tsigenopoulos, C.S., Pinou, Τ.,  Mylonas, M. 2005. Isolation and characterization of six polymorphic microsatellite markers in the fresh water turtle Mauremys rivulata (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5, 727-729.

Mantziou, G.Poulakakis, N., Valakos, E., Lymberakis, P., Mylonas, M. 2004. The inter- and intraspecific status of the Aegean Mauremysrivulata (Tesudines, Bataguridae) as inferred by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Herpetological Journal 14, 35-45.

1. Poulakakis, N., 
Lymberakis, P., Antoniou, A.-B., Chalkia, D., Zouros, E., Mylonas, M., Valakos, E. 2003. Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of the wall-lizard Podarcis erhardii (Squamata: Lacertidae) based on partial mtDNA sequences of the cytochrome b gene. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28, 38–46.

1. Poulakakis, N.
Theodorou, G.E., Zouros, Z., Mylonas, M. 2002. Molecular Phylogeny of the Extinct Pleistocene Dwarf ElephantPalaeoloxodon antiquus falconeri from Tilos Island (Dodekanisa, Greece). Journal of Molecular Evolution 55 (3), 364-374. 

2. Poulakakis, N.
, Mylonas, M., Lymberakis, P., Fassoulas, C. 2002. Origin and taxonomy of the fossil elephants of the island of Crete (Greece): Problems and perspectives. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 186, 163-183. 

Publications with no peer review procedure

1.    Poulakakis, N., Vardinoyiannis, K. & Mylonas, M., 1997. Biogeography of terrestrial molluscs of Kastelorizo Island group. Heldia4(5), 115.

2.    Slotman, M.A., Parmakelis, A., Marshall, J.C., Poulakakis, N., Awono-Ambene, P.H., Antonio-Nkondjio, C., Simard, F., Caccone, A., Powell, J.R. 2007. Patterns of selection on anti-malarian immune genes: Adaptive evolution in LRIM1 in Anopheles arabiensis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 77(5), 250-250.

3.    Slotman, M.A., Parmakelis, A., Poulakakis, N., Dion, K.B., Marshall, J.C., Antonio-Nkondjio, C., Simard, F., Caccone, A., Powell, J.R. 2008. The evolution of anti-malarial immune genes in the Anopheles gambiae complex. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 79(6), 201-201.

Research highlights

1.   2006. Pygmy, but mammoth. Research highlights, Nature 440, 1092.

2.   2008. The Galápagos' Lost and Found Random Samples, Science 321, 1749.

Chapters in books and other editions

1.      Poulakakis N. & Vardinoyannis K. 2009. Abstracts of the International Congress on the Zoogeography, Ecology and Evolution of Eastern Mediterranean, 11th ICZEGAR, 21-25 September 2009, Herakleion, Crete, Greece. Hellenic Zoological Society, 218 pages.

2.      Willmer, P., Stone, G., Johnston, I. 2006 Περιβαλλοντική Φυσιολογία των Ζώων. Εκδόσεις Αεί, Αθήνα. (translation in Greek)

3.      Fuentes, A. 2013. Βιολογική Ανθρωπολογία. Utopia Publishin.(translation in Greek).

"...Nothing in Biology Makes Sense Except in the Light of Evolution..." Theodosius Dobzhansky