The great diversity and specificity of the ecosystems of Crete and the broader region, as well as the need to protect ecosystems and species, in a space that human activities cause consecutive and intense changes, have shaped within the NHMC a very active group of scientists involved in basic ecological research, but mainly in issues related to the management and conservation of biodiversity.

The Ecology & Environmental Management Laboratory is engaged in the implementation of European, national and regional programmes in the field of environmental management, while it carries information and awareness campaigns at national, regional and local level. Also it acts as advisor on Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) in the NATURA 2000 network areas.